By Carolyn Mackay
The Totonac-Tepehua language relatives, although typologically just like another Mesoamerican languages, has no longer but been validated to be on the topic of the other language kin. Misantla Totonac is the southernmost number of Totonac and is spoken within the zone among Xalapa, the capital of Veracruz, Mexico and Misantla, Veracruz. In 1974, a newly paved street attached Xalapa and Misantla bringing a comparatively remoted quarter into touch with mainstream Mexican language and tradition. as a result, Misantla Totonac is not any longer obtained as a primary language via the neighborhood young ones and is quickly being changed through Spanish. A GRAMMAR OF MISANTLA TOTONAC offers the phonological constitution of the language and the most efficient morphological techniques. It describes inflection and derivation of all significant note sessions (verbs, nominals, and statives) intimately. It introduces grammatical contract and be aware order phenomena, and provides the main salient and important features of Misantla Totonac grammar. even supposing a variety of Totonac-Tepehua grammars exist in Spanish, this is often the one released grammar of the Totonac-Tepehua language kinfolk at the moment on hand in English. Winner of the once a year Society for the learn of Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA) publication Award, this marks the 3rd quantity to be released within the sequence. "The fabric offered this is key to any destiny paintings in reconstructing the proto-language. . . .[It] is an important contribution to either normal linguistics in addition to to Mesoamerican reports. -James Watters, summer season Institute of Linguistics
Read or Download A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas PDF
Similar foreign language dictionaries & thesauruses books
No matter if you don't like crossword puzzles, you could turn out loving those. Designed for mother-tongue or thoroughly fluent audio system of French desirous to increase their English talents, the puzzles can also be exciting to English audio system. they're formatted in order that every one puzzle may be solved in 15 to half-hour.
This certain source for studying Kazakh language presents covers the next subject matters: Kazakh alphabet, easy grammar, vocabulary, texts and extra. A needs to for any newbie trying to research Kazakh.
One of many vintage works of lexicography, it is a revised variation of E. A. Andrew's translation of Freund's nice Latin-German dictionary of the 19th century.
This ebook presents an advent to the languages which are very important for the research of the Hebrew Bible and old Israel. It includes articles on Akkadian, Arabic, Aramaic, Egyptian, biblical and epigraphic Hebrew, post-biblical Hebrew, Hittite, Phoenician, the Northwest Semitic dialects (Ammonite, Edomite and Moabite) and Ugaritic.
- The Iliad (Webster's French Thesaurus Edition)
- Teach Yourself Arabic
- Conversational Japanese for beginners
- Teach Yourself Swedish Complete Course
- Welsh Negation and Grammatical Theory
- Colloquial Somali (Colloquial Series)
Extra resources for A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas
Bajando BAÑARSE To take a bath Bañar To bathe Past part. bañado Ger. bañando BARRER To sweep, to sweep away Barrerse To slide Past part. barrido Ger. barriendo BATALLAR To battle, to fight, to struggle Past part. batallado Ger. batallando BATIR To beat, to churn, to mix Batirse To fight a duel Past part. batido Ger. batiendo BEBER To drink Beberse To drink up Past part. bebido Ger. bebiendo BESAR To kiss Besarse To kiss each other Past part. besado Ger. besando BORRAR To delete, to erase, to clear Borrarse To fade Past part.
Intentado Ger. intentando INTERFERIR To ircterfere, to meddle Past part. interferido Ger. interfiriendo INTUIR To sense, to have a feeling Past part. intuído Ger. intuyendo INVENTAR To invent, to come up with, to make up. Past part. inventado Ger. inventando INVERTIR To invest, to reverse Past part. invertido Ger. invirtiendo INVESTIGAR To investigate, to find out, to do research Past part. investigado Ger. investigando INVITAR To invite, to treat Past part. invitado Ger. invitando IR To go Irse To leave Past part.
THE VERB GUSTAR The verb gustar is generally, and accurately, translated as “to like”: A Juan le gustan los postres. Juan likes desserts. In Spanish, however, Juan is not the subject of the verb gustan but its indirect object, while los postres functions as both subject and direct object. Note that the verb agrees with los postres and that le agrees with Juan. ” There are a number of verbs that function like gustar. Consider the following examples: María le gusta a Pedro. 4 Pedro likes Mary. (lit.
A Grammar of Misantla Totonac: Studies in Indigenous Languages of the Americas by Carolyn Mackay