By W. K. C. Guthrie
With this booklet, Professor Guthrie accomplished his six-volume A historical past of Greek Philosophy during which he surveyed the complete box of Greek philosophy from the Presocratics to Aristotle. The background has gained approval for the author's skill to tackle an enormous and not easy topic and to supply an account of it outstanding for its mix of studying with readability of exposition. it is a e-book for college students of classics and Greek philosophy, and certainly for somebody attracted to studying a transparent account of Aristotle's thought.
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Extra resources for Aristotle: An Encounter (A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume 6)
5b. ‘The first line of Gray’s Elegy’ means M. c. ‘The first line of Gray’s Elegy’ means the first line of Gray’s Elegy. The discussion of examples (6) and (7) reveals a further misstep in the argument from R to the conclusion that no definite description 44 ChAPTER 2 or other function-argument expression can be a (non-directly referential) complex singular term. The misstep is embedded in that thought that if such an expression were such a term, then it would be impossible to know its meaning M—in the sense of knowing of M that it is what the term means—and so, by implication, it would be impossible to understand the expression.
Knowing or believing something about propositions requires a further cognitive ability that human beings have, but that some less sophisticated cognitive agents don’t: the ability to focus on one’s own cognitive acts and distinguish them from one another. One who can do this can, in principle, ascribe propositional attitudes to oneself and others, and predicate properties of propositions. Focusing on their own cognitive experi- ence, sophisticated agents can discriminate different propositions as different particular ways of thinking or perceiving.
How, then, is the meaning of the word ‘I’ related to the first- person way of thinking and believing? The answer begins with the Kaplanesque rule: A use of ‘I’ by an agent A directly refers to A. Since the semantic content of such use is just the agent A, the information semantically encoded by my use of the sentence ⎡I am F⎤ is the same as that encoded by your use of ⎡SS is F⎤. First-person cognition enters when I use the first-person pronoun, knowing in the first-person way that I am using it.
Aristotle: An Encounter (A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume 6) by W. K. C. Guthrie