By Stanley D. Brunn, Gerald R. Webster, Richard L. Morrill, Fred M. Shelley, Stephen J. Lavin, J. Clark Archer
The U.S. presidential election of 2008 was once some of the most major elections in contemporary American historical past. Bringing jointly best geographers and political scientists, this authoritative atlas analyzes and maps the campaigns, primaries, basic election, and key country referenda to supply a wealthy photo of this watershed event.
The individuals supply a finished and distinctive evaluation of all facets of the election, offering presidential effects on the nationwide point, in significant areas, and in swing states. Drilling all the way down to county point, they hint vote casting styles for key racial, ethnic, spiritual, and occupational teams. additionally they illustrate the crusade concepts of Democratic and Republican celebration leaders. relocating past the nationwide race, the atlas compares very important senatorial and gubernatorial races to presidential votes and considers chosen country referenda equivalent to marriage amendments, farm animal cruelty, stem telephone learn, and physician-assisted suicide. for additional context and intensity, the 2008 election effects are in comparison with earlier nationwide elections.
Illustrated with greater than 2 hundred meticulously drawn full-color maps, the atlas could be a vital reference and a desirable source for pundits, electorate, crusade staffs, and political junkies alike.
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Extra info for Atlas of the 2008 Elections
The difference is that the popular center is bivariate mean center, or center of gravity, which has the property of minimizing the sum of squares of the population, while the bivariate median center minimizes the simple travel, that is, is the true point of minimum aggregate travel. S. Census Bureau, calculate the simpler orthogonal median centers, defined as the point from which one-half the relevant population is north, half east, half south, and half west, rather than an intuitively simple and straightforward measure.
President George W. Bush was ineligible to run for a third term in keeping with the Twenty-Second Amendment; Vice President Richard Cheney announced that he did not wish to seek his party’s 2008 presidential nomination. With neither Bush nor Cheney on the ballot, the race for the Republican nomination was wide open. During 2007, several candidates announced plans to run. These included Senator John McCain of Arizona, former New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani, former governor Mike Huckabee of Arkansas, former governor Mitt Romney of Massachusetts, former senator Fred Thompson of Tennessee, and Representative Ron Paul of Texas.
Obama was the only candidate C A M PA I G N S ■ 33 to visit Joe Biden’s home state of Delaware as well as his home state of Illinois. Of the four candidates, Democratic vicepresidential nominee Joe Biden had the fewest campaign events at seventy-nine. He also visited the fewest states at seventeen. Biden’s events were concentrated in Ohio (nineteen events), Florida (twelve events), Missouri (eight events), Pennsylvania (seven events), Virginia (six events), and North Carolina (six events). Interestingly, Biden visited North Carolina more than any of the other three candidates.
Atlas of the 2008 Elections by Stanley D. Brunn, Gerald R. Webster, Richard L. Morrill, Fred M. Shelley, Stephen J. Lavin, J. Clark Archer